Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2022)                   Zoonosis 2022, 2(4): 42-53 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: 046

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

gozidehkar Z, Borna H, Davari A, khazaiinejad A, Bakhshi A, Dehghani A, et al . Epidemiologic characteristics of brucellosis in Qaen during 2015-2021. Zoonosis 2022; 2 (4) :42-53
URL: http://zoonosis.ir/article-1-60-en.html
Master of Epidemiology, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran , zohre.gozidehkar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (358 Views)
Brucellosis is the most common zoonosis and is a health issue in Iran. Considering this disease is endemic in Qaen, this study intended to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of brucellosis during 2015-2021. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 421 brucellosis patients, based on the information from Qaen Health Center from 2015 to 2021. To describe the data, frequency, mean, and standard deviation indices and to analyze the data, Chi-square and T-test statistical tests were utilized using SPSS software version 21. The incidence rate was calculated based on 100,000 at-risk populations per year. The average incidence rate of brucellosis from 2015 to 2021 was 135 per 100,000. The highest incidence rate was 156 per 100,000 people in 2021, and the lowest was 20.58 per 100,000 in 2017. The mean age of brucellosis patients was 36.78 ± 19.85  years. The most frequent clinical symptoms were musculoskeletal pain in 317 cases (75.3%) and fever in 160 cases (38%). The consumption history of unpasteurized dairy products such as milk and cheese was 33% and 27%, respectively. Farmers and ranchers, with 239 cases (56.7%), and the rural living population, with 282 cases (67%), were the most frequent cases of brucellosis. The incidence rate of brucellosis in Qaen has an upward trend and is higher than the provincial and national averages. According to the latest national guidelines, this county is classified as a highly polluted region.
Full-Text [PDF 625 kb]   (55 Downloads)    
Book Review: Original Article | Subject: Infectious Disease
Received: 2023/01/10 | Accepted: 2023/02/19 | Published: 2023/08/25

1. Shahbazi Y, Afshari Safavi E, Shavisi N. The epidemiological survey of animal brucellosis in Kermanshah province. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Clinical Sciences. 2016;10.)1.(
2. Khoshnood S, Pakzad R, Koupaei M, Shirani M, Araghi A, Irani GM, et al.Prevalence, diagnosis, and manifestations of brucellosis: A systematic review and metaanalysis. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022;9 . [DOI:10.3389/fvets.2022.976215] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Nematollahi S, Ayubi E, Karami M, Khazaei S, Shojaeian M, Zamani R, et al. Epidemiological characteristics of humanbrucellosis in Hamadan Province during 2009-2015: results from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2017;61:56-61 . [DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2017.06.002] [PMID]
4. Mirnejad R, Jazi FM, Mostafaei S, Sedighi M. Epidemiology of brucellosis in Iran: A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis study. Microbial pathogenesis. 2017;109:239-47 . [DOI:10.1016/j.micpath.2017.06.005] [PMID]
5. Pakzad R, Barati M, Moludi J, Barati H, Pakzad I. Epidemiology of brucellosis in the North and North-West Iran. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health. 2016;11(1):17-23 .
6. Rajabzadeh R, Shoraka H, Arzamani K, Alavinia S, Hosseini S, Rihani H. Epidemiological aspects of brucellosis in North Khorasan province during 2006-2011.Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. 2014;5(4):7 .53-60 [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.4.753]
7. Taheri sm, Lotfi mh, Ghaderi A, Reisi A, Mohammadzadeh M. Epidemiology of brucellosis in Shahr-e-Kord from 2010 to 2014. 2016.
8. Moosazadeh M, Abedi G, Kheradmand M, Safiri S, Nikaeen R. Seasonal pattern of brucellosis in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 2016. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jhs.4.1.62]
9. Saeedinejad S, Mirzaee M, Parisaee Z, Khalili A, Paymard A. Prevalence of brucellosis in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Province in 2017. Electronic Journal of General Medicine. 2018;15 .(3). [DOI:10.29333/ejgm/86119]
10. Dadar M, Shahali Y, Fakhri Y, Godfroid J. The global epidemiology of Brucella infections in terrestrial wildlife: A meta‐analysis. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2021;68(2):715-29 . [DOI:10.1111/tbed.13735] [PMID]
11. González-Espinoza G, Arce-Gorvel V, Mémet S, Gorvel J. Brucella: Reservoirs and Niches in Animalsand Humans. Pathogens 2021, 10, 186. Host Immune Responses and Pathogenesis to Brucella spp Infection. 2021:131 . [DOI:10.3390/pathogens10020186] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Azarkamand B, Pourmahdi Borujeni M, Gharibi D, Ghorbanpour M. Comparison of serological methods for the diagnosis of brucellosis in waterbuffalo. Iranian Veterinary Journal. 2017;13(1):5-12.
13. Halashi B, Tarokhian H, Sayad B, Salari F, Karaji AG. Comparison of the sensitivity and specifity of modified Rose Bengal and ELISA test in the diagnosis of brucellosis. 2018. .
14. Norouzinezhad F ,Erfani H, Norouzinejad A, Kaveh F, Ghaffari F. Epidemiology of human brucellosis (Malta fever) in Lorestan province during 2009-2017. Quarterly Journal of Caspian Health and Aging. 2020;5(2):66-79 .
15. Hoseini SD, Ghaznavirad E, Farazi AA. Accuracy of Indirect ELISA Prepared from Recombinant Bp26 Gene of Brucella melitensis in Diagnosis of Human Brucellosis.Irainan South Medical Journal (ISMJ(. 2020;23(4):292-301 . [DOI:10.52547/ismj.23.4.292]
16. Farazi A, Sofian M, Sarmadian H, Madinebonab M. Comparing Ginseng and Gentamicin as Components of Regimen for Alleviating Clinical Symptoms of Brucellosis and its Recurrence Rate. Complementary Medicine Journal. 2018;8(2):2243-53 .
17. Shirzadi MR, Mohammadi P, Moradi G, Goodarzi E, Khazaei S, Moayed L, et al. The Incidence and Geographical Distribution of Brucellosis inIran Using Geographic Information System and Prediction of its Incidence in 2021. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene. 2021;62(3):E635.
18. Sadeghian M, Jafarnejad A. Epidemiologic survey of Brucellosis in Fasa during 20092017. medical journal ofmashhad university of medical sciences. 2019;62(2):1449-55.
19. Bagheri H, Tapak L, Karami M, Amiri B, Cheraghi Z. Epidemiological Features of Human Brucellosis in Iran (2011-2018) and Prediction of Brucellosis with Data-Mining Models. Journal of researchin health sciences. 2019;19(4):e00462 .
20. Bagherizadeh Y. Evaluating the prevalence of Brucellosis disease by ELISA and Wright Test in patients referred Ostad Alinasab Hospital in Tabriz .
21. Norouzinezhad F, Erfani H, Norouzinejad A, Kaveh F, GhaffariF. Epidemiological indices and trend of incidence of human brucellosis in Khorasan-e-Razavi Province from 2009 to 2016. Journal of Military Medicine. 2019;21(4):362-71. [DOI:10.34172/jrhs.2021.70] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Norouzinezhad F, Erfani H, Norouzinejad A, Kaveh F, Ghaffari F. Epidemiological characteristics and trend of the incidence of human brucellosis in Kurdistan Province from 2009 to 2016. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2020;15(4):323-33 . [DOI:10.34172/jrhs.2021.70] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. A D, M S, A G. Epidemiological investigation of brucellosis in Fasa city during 20092017. Journal of the Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. 2019;62(2):1449-55 .
24. Salahshouri A, Ramezanpour J, Gheibipour H. Epidemiological Study of the Brucellosis in Iran, Isfahan, 2010-2015. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research. 2021;8(3):95-9 . [DOI:10.34172/ijer.2021.18]
25. Eini P, Hedayat Yaghoobi M, Tahai SM, Tahamoli Roudsari A, Seif-Rabiei M-A.Comparison of serum levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (Anti-CCP) and Rheumatoid factor level in Brucellosis patients with and without osteoarticular symptoms. Studies in Medical Sciences. 2022;33(3):194-9 . [DOI:10.52547/umj.33.3.194]
26. Zheng R, Xie S, Lu X, Sun L, Zhou Y, Zhang Y, et al. A systematic review and metaanalysis of epidemiology and clinical manifestations of human brucellosis in China. BioMed researchinternational. 2018;2018 . [DOI:10.1155/2018/5712920] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. Najafi S, Salehi M. The Survey of Brucellosis in Suspicious Patients Who Referred to a Medical Diagnostic Laboratory in Neyshabur, Northeast of Iran (2010-2015). 2016 .
28. Hashemi H, Moghimbeigi A. Screening of Brucellosis inHousehold Members of Patients with Brucellosis in Hamadan. Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2017;24(2):106-11 . [DOI:10.21859/hums-24023]
29. Farazi A, Zarrinfar N, Didgar F, Jabbariasl M, Mirzajani P. Risk factors for failure of treatment and relapse of brucellosis. Journalof Arak University of Medical Sciences. 2014;17(4):47-53 .

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Zoonosis

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb